In this episode Shahriar goes over the operation and principle theory behind Lock-in Amplifiers. The SRS SR530 is one of the most iconic lock-in amplifiers ever made and since it offers two channels it can be used to perform very interesting experiments across many domains. After reviewing the block diagram and equations governing the theory of operation, a brief instrument teardown is presented.
Two unique and interesting experiments are also presented. In the first experiment the instrument is used to measure the speed of light. This is accomplished by measuring the wavelength of sound at 20kHz using a pair of speakers and a function generator. The distance between the speakers can be carefully adjusted and the relative signal strength from each lock-in channel is measured and thus the wavelength can also be measured.
In the second experiment the sensitivity of a red LED to blue laser light is measured. Due to the semiconductor composition of the red LED as well as its red plastic casing, the responsibility of the LED to blue light is extremely low. A chopper is therefore used to lock the light to the lock-in amplifier’s reference input. The measured induced current is measured down to very low optical level in the order of hundreds of fempto (10^-15) amps.
In this short episode Shahriar demonstrates an overview of the new Tektronix MSO58 8-Channel 6.25GS/s 2GHz Mixed-Signal Oscilloscope with up to 64-Bits of digital channels. The scope features independent ADC, data acquisition and memory per channel as well as FlexChannel architecture which allows each channel to act as either a 2GHz analog channel or an 8-Bit digital channel. The scope also features a brand new GUI interface on an HD 15.6″ display with significant performance enhancement and touch interface optimizations. A full review of the instrument will be provided in the future.
In this short episode Shahriar shows a few items to give away! Please leave a comment and a person at random will be chosen. There will also be a Q/A session sometime in the future, please also leave your questions in the comment section.
The winners of the draw will be notified at a later date.
Since the creation of The Signal Path video blog in May of 2011 I have focused on producing the type content which is either difficult to find or difficult to learn. Despite being the foundation of human communication, RF and microwave electronics often seem like magic and my goal has been to demystify these concepts. The Signal Path blog provides a rich depth and breadth of electrical engineering topics and experiments. Equipment reviews and repairs are always accompanied with research and industry relevant experiments and tutorials. The aim of The Signal Path is to provide free education to everyone across the world, possibly the greatest gift from a human to another.
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The Signal Path (TSP) is an electrical engineering video blog for industry professionals, students and hobbyists. TSP is a non-for-profit website dedicated to provide free education spanning a wide range of electrical engineering topics. Equipment reviews, tutorials and repair videos are posted regularly.