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The 3458A unit fails startup conditions with several errors. After close inspection of the boards, the initial problem points to a poorly plugged in fiber-optic cable. After this fix, the unit still fails ACAL on the AC Board. The unit’s NVRAM modules all have to be replaced. During this process the memory of the unit is also upgraded and the firmware is updated to the latest available version. After analysis of the schematics the problem is traced to a damaged JFET input operational amplifier on the attenuator flatness calibrator unit. The replacement allows the unit to pass all self-test and ACAL calibration. The instrument is then NIST calibrated by AllTest Instruments and shows excellent performance when compared with various multimeters in the lab.
In this episode Shahriar reviews the newly released FPC1500 Spectrum Analyzer from Rohde & Schwarz. With this addition Rohde & Schwarz continues to aggressively target the entry level market across a wide range of instruments. These units are packed with competitive features some of which are not found in other instruments in the same class. The FPC1500 employs a 10.1″ WXGA LCD screes and a built-in tracking generator with a fully independent synthesizer which allows for offset tracking as well as a built-in VSWR bridge capable of making vector S11 measurements. These features combined with built-in WiFi, wide range of measurement capabilities and digital demodulation of ASK/FSK signals provides a competitive product.
This comprehensive review is organized as follows:
00:01:35 – R&S Spectrum Analyzer model overview
00:02:25 – Front and back panel, GUI initial look
00:06:24 – Complete teardown with digital and RF deck analysis
00:19:11 – DUT device overview and specifications
00:20:00 – DUT power on, FPC overload test, single tone, phase-noise and pre-amplifier performance
00:29:41 – TOI measurement capability and multi-tone inter-modulation performance
00:35:07 – Internal source performance, THD measurement, tracking generator and offset-tracking
00:41:55 – Scaler S21 configuration, DUT gain and bandwidth measurement
00:46:08 – DUT Noise-figure measurement and marker functions capability
00:48:57 – DUT variable gain control characterization, AM demodulation, VGA bandwidth and waveform display
00:57:39 – Digital demodulation of FSK/ASK with multilevel frequency shifting, eye-diagram display and analysis
01:01:13 – Vector S11 measurement, web interface, smith chart display and return loss characterization
01:04:45 – Spectrogram measurement, replay mode and trace storage
01:06:55 – Concluding remarks
In this episode Shahriar reviews the Rohde & Schwarz ZNLE 1MHz – 6GHz Vector Network Analyzer. The ZNLE is the economy model of the ZNL 3-in-1 instrument. The R&S ZNLE is a two-port vector network analyzer that can be used for bidirectional measurements of S-parameters S11, S21, S12 and S22 on passive components. Ordering the RR&S ZNLE requires only two decisions: the frequency range and whether or not you need a GPIB interface. The analyzer is available with a frequency range of 1 MHz to 3 GHz (R&S ZNLE3) or 1 MHz to 6 GHz (R&S ZNLE6). The optional GPIB interface lets you connect a controller to remotely control the R&S ZNLE. As a standalone instrument, the R&S ZNLE does not require an external PC to configure the setup. You can start measuring immediately after you switch on the instrument.
The review is organized as follows:
01:12 – Model comparison and overview.
02:24 – Instrument overview and design.
06:29 – Brief teardown and internal construction.
09:31 – Electronic Calibration Unit and auto-cal procedure.
17:39 – Measurement and characterization of a tunable microwave filter.
30:47 – Measurement of a tunable phase shifter.
33:16 – Analysis and measurement of a trice coupled quad-patch antenna module.
39:10 – Performance and characterization of an ZNLE internal synthesizer.
46:31 – Mixed-mode S-Parameter measurements using the ZNLE.
49:15 – Extreme dynamic range measurements using a 0.1dB step electromechanical attenuator.
1:02:48 – Overview of additional functions.
1:04:26 – Concluding remarks.
In this episode Shahriar reviews the Rohde & Shwarz RTB2004 10-Bit oscilloscope. With its high-resolution touch-screen, intuitive and capable GUI as well as excellent analog/digital performance this scope competes very well against other 2000 series instruments from Tektronix and Keysight. This extensive review includes instrument teardown, overview and dedicated experiments as follows:
01:17 – Model comparison and R&S scope lineup.
02:20 – Front panel, rear panel and overview.
05:01 – Instrument teardown and analysis.
13:37 – Power on and basic functions including intensity grading, XY mode.
26:29 – Multi-tone behavior, FFT and ADC performance.
33:17 – Experiment with ambient light follower: Analog and RS232 digital serial capture, triggering and analysis.
48:03 – Experiment with external DAC: Analog and I2C data capture and search using remote web interface.
57:19 – Built-in arbitrary waveform generator behavior and performance.
In this episode Shahriar repairs a BK Precision 9185 600V linear power supply. The instrument is missing a power connector and therefore cannot be powered on. To be cautious, the unit is disassembled first before being retrofitted with a new connector. The teardown reveals damaged resistors at the back of the main power supply PCB. The damage points to a defective high-voltage MOSFET. This transistor is one of six devices in parallel. The impacted components are all replaced before the unit is retrofitted with a new power connector.
After power on the unit is verified for proper operation. Using a Keithley DMM7510, the power supply is calibrated and is ready for future experiments.
The Signal Path (TSP) is an electrical engineering video blog for industry professionals, students and hobbyists. TSP is a non-for-profit website dedicated to provide free education spanning a wide range of electrical engineering topics. Equipment reviews, tutorials and repair videos are posted regularly.