Tag Archive for Experiments

Keysight MXA Revision-B Signal Analyzer / Spectrum Analyzer Review, Analysis & Experiments

In this episode Shahriar reviews the long awaited Keysight MXA Signal Analyzer (N9020B). The new X-Series Spectrum Analyzers from Keysight offer an entirely re-designed GUI interface which supports multiple tabs as well as multi-touch interaction. The review is organized as follows:

1:07 –   Model comparison and overview of x-series spectrum analyzers.
7:08 –   Instrument physical overview.
11:49 – New GUI overview and demonstrations.
22:44 – Instrument block diagrams and analysis.
28:46 – Brief look inside the MXA spectrum analyzer.
32:53 – Back-scattering communication experiment block diagram and description.
37:16 – Phase noise characterization of doubler and amplifier.
51:54 – Complete back-scattering experiment measurements and analysis.
1:04:45 – Analysis of broadband modulated signals by using the S-Series scope and MXA Signal analyzer at the same time.
1:13:56 – Concluding remarks.

DeoxIT Challenge & Restoration of a Precision Decade Resistor Box

In this short episode Shahriar attempts to revive a high-accuracy decade resistance box using the famous DeoxIT cleaning and restoration products from CAIG Laboratories. The DeoxIT D-Series products are particularly aimed at metal-metal contacts which have suffered oxidization and can provide a low-resistance repeatable contact after application.

The existing decade resistance box shows inconsistent measurements and intermittent contacts prior to the DeoxIT application. After spraying all contacts the instrument is significantly improved with repeatable and accurate resistance measurements. DeoxIT can be purchased from a variety of suppliers and vendors including Amazon.

Teardown & Analysis of an Anritsu MN9610B Variable Optical Attenuator

In this short episode Shahriar takes a detailed look at an Anritsu variable optical attenuator operating in the L- and C-Bands. The mechanical attenuator is defective and provides an opportunity for complete disassembly and examination of the free-space optics, mechanical components and electronics.

The electronics drive a pair of DC motors with potentiometer decoders in feedback along with operational amplifiers and a DAC. This allows the microprocessor to set the exact position of the motors based on calibrated values stored on EPROM. The free-space optics consists of two back-to-back disks with radial metal coatings. Depending on the position of each wheel, the coating limits the transmission of the light through the wheel causing attenuation. The entire housing is hermetically sealed to prevent degradation of the disks.

Teardown, Experiments & Calibration of an Ist-Rees Laser Spectrum Analyzer

In this short episode Shahriar takes a close look at an Ist-Rees laser spectrum analyzer. This simple instrument is based on a continuously rotating diffraction mirror to detect various wavelengths. A trigger signal is used to denote the beginning of the scan and the front-panel display shows the current selected wavelength. By aligning the output signal with the trigger signal the wavelength of the input light can be measured.

After the unit teardown, the instrument is used to measure the wavelength of a semiconductor 1310nm laser. The unit is calibrated using this source and is then used to measure the infrared leakage wavelength from a green laser pointer.

Tektronix MDO4104C-6 Mixed Domain Oscilloscope (MDO4000C) Review, Teardown and Experiments

In this episode Shahriar performs a full review on the Tektronix MDO4000C series mixed domain oscilloscope, particularly model MDO4104C-6. The MDO4000C combines up to six instruments including a function generator and a built-in spectrum analyzer. Unlike any other instrument, it can synchronize RF, analog and digital channels. These correlated measurements provide insight into difficult to find problems particularly intermittent events.

This review begins with a comparison between the MDO4000B and MDO4000C instruments. The full review of the MDO4000B can be viewed here. All experiments demonstrated in the MDO4000B review are also relevant to the MDO4000C instrument.

The teardown of the instrument reveals a multi-board construction where the ADCs, FPGAs, application processor and memory are on the main system board. A complete analysis of the entire system is presented including the operation of the RF module.

In order to demonstrate the instrument’s capabilities, an encrypted frequency hopping transmitter system is analyzed. The system exhibits various problems such as high BER, low SFDR, poor phase-noise and EVM. The MDO4000C is used to perform advanced measurements across analog, digital and RF domain to track and resolve these problem. The complete block diagram of the experiment can be found here.

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