Archive for Experiments

Sindoh 3DWOX 1 Review, Experiments & 3D Microwave Component Printing Techniques

In this episode Shahriar reviews his new 3D Printer Sindoh 3DWOX 1. This printer offers several attractive features. The fully enclosed design is quiet and equipped with a HEPA filter. The unit is also equipped with a webcam and internal lighting. The printer has several automatic capabilities such as auto filament load from a cartridge, bed-leveling and print parameter optimization. The printer is also completely compatible with off-the-shelf filaments.

This comprehensive review is organized as follows:

01:57 – Model comparison and Sindoh website
02:26 – Printer design and overview
04:16 – Internal construction and features
07:03 – Cartridge design and filament auto-load
09:31 – Printing bed auto-leveling procedure
11:53 – 3DWOX desktop software overview and features
16:32 – First print example and procedure
17:53 – Mobile app and remote camera monitoring capability
18:51 – Print example: Objects with extreme aspect ratios
22:03 – Print example: Objects with moving parts and joints
25:27 – Print example: Objects with many holes and thin features
28:24 – Print example: Large objects with >24 hour print time
30:12 – Analyzing internal print features using an X-ray machine
32:46 – Printing microwave and mm-wave components and filters
38:27 – Concluding remarks

You can purchase a 3DWOX 1 printer from here or visit the manufacturer’s website for more information.

Teardown & Repair of an Agilent N9020A MXA 10Hz – 8.4GHz Spectrum Analyzer (Parts 1 & 2)

In this episode Shahriar repairs an Agilent N9020A MAX Spectrum Analyzer. The instrument is well equipped with real-time capability and direct I/Q input ports on the front panel. The instrument does not show the correct signal levels and fails internal calibration.

After a brief teardown, the block diagram of the instrument is carefully examined for potential failure points. It is determined that front-end switch and mechanical attenuator is likely faulty. Teardown of the unit reveals significant damage to the attenuator due to some high-power at the input. Unfortunately, this also implies that the front-end RF selector and pre-amplifier modules are also damaged. In the second repair video, the front-end module is disassembled and damage to the dies can be observed.

Luckily, a relatively inexpensive front-end (SSLAM) unit is sourced from eBay and the repair is completed. The performance of the unit is verified after the repair and the front-end I/Q input functionality is demonstrated.

Part 1:

Part 2:

Texas Instrument TI-PMLK Power Management/Conversion Kit Tutorial, Review & Experiments

In this episode Shahriar presents a meticulously prepared set of educational lab kits on Power Conversion by Texas Instruments. These kits include  Buck, Boost, LDO and Buck-Boost power conversion courses complete with a beautiful set of lab instructions and PCBs. Each kit describes up to 7 different exercises which demonstrates various aspects of power conversion characterization and design challenge.

In particular the Buck Lab kit is examined. The PCB is populated with two different Buck DC-DC converters which are carefully described in the lab kit. The first experiment of the lab kit is performed which involves measuring system efficiency under various load conditions and switching frequency. The inductor current, MOSFET switching voltage and output waveform are examined on the oscilloscope.

How Do Purely Passive Watt-Meters Work? (Giveaway Results & More Giveaway! December 2018)

In this episode Shahriar demonstrates the principle of operation of a purely passive Weston watt-meter manufactured in the 1950’s in Newark, NJ, USA. This watt-meter makes no use of active devices (tube or solid-state) and yet is able to measure real-power both at DC and AC.

The teardown of the unit shows the construction of two coils interacting to advance the needle on the display. One coil produces a magnetic flux proportional to the current input and the other coil produces a magnetic flux propositional to the voltage. The interaction of the flux moves the needle proportional to the total power which is the product of current and voltage. The instrument is then used in conjunction with a power supply and electronic DC load to verify its functionality.

Teardown & Repair of an GW Instek PSW80-40.5 1080W Multi-Range Programmable Power Supply

In this episode Shahriar investigates the failure of a GW Instek 1080W power supply capable of providing up to 80V and 40A of programmable output voltage and current respectively. The power supply does not power on. However, relay noises can be heard inside the instrument during power on.

Teardown of the unit reveals a modular design with PCBs on all sides. The instrument comprises 6 different modules and 3 complete power supplies in parallel. The controller circuit is powered from the middle power supply module. Examination of the boards reveals three separate failed devices. The in-rush power resistor which prevents the main supply board from startup, a damaged MOS power transistor on the supply output and surface mount resistors. All components are replaced. The instrument’s performance is verified with a BK Precision 8601 electronic load.

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